Sahih Muslim Book 006, Hadith Number 2499.

Chapter : Fasting on the day of 'Ashura (1Oth of Muharram).

'Aisha (Allah be pleased with her)reported that the Quraish used to fast on the day of 'Ashura in the pre-Islamic days and the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) also observed it. When he migrated to Medina, he himself observed this fast and commanded (others) to observe it. But when fasting during the month of Ramadan was made obligatory he said: He who wishes to observe this fast may do so, and he who wishes to abandon it may do so.

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